The Convective and Orographically-induced Precipitation Study (COPS): The scientific strategy, the field phase, and research highlights

AMS Citation:
Wulfmeyer, V., and Coauthors, 2011: The Convective and Orographically-induced Precipitation Study (COPS): The scientific strategy, the field phase, and research highlights. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 137, 3-30, doi:10.1002/qj.752.
Date:2011-01-01
Resource Type:article
Title:The Convective and Orographically-induced Precipitation Study (COPS): The scientific strategy, the field phase, and research highlights
Abstract: Within the framework of the international field campaign COPS (Convective and Orographically-induced Precipitation Study), a large suite of state-of-the-art meteorological instrumentation was operated, partially combined for the first time. This includes networks of in situ and remote-sensing systems such as the Global Positioning System as well as a synergy of multi-wavelength passive and active remote-sensing instruments such as advanced radar and lidar systems. The COPS field phase was performed from 01 June to 31 August 2007 in a low-mountain area in southwestern Germany/eastern France covering the Vosges mountains, the Rhine valley and the Black Forest mountains. The collected data set covers the entire evolution of convective precipitation events in complex terrain from their initiation, to their development and mature phase until their decay. Eighteen Intensive Observation Periods with 37 operation days and eight additional Special Observation Periods were performed, providing a comprehensive data set covering different forcing conditions. In this article, an overview of the COPS scientific strategy, the field phase, and its first accomplishments is given. Highlights of the campaign are illustrated with several measurement examples. It is demonstrated that COPS research provides new insight into key processes leading to convection initiation and to the modification of precipitation by orography, in the improvement of quantitative precipitation forecasting by the assimilation of new observations, and in the performance of ensembles of convection-permitting models in complex terrain.
Peer Review:Refereed
Copyright Information:Copyright 2011 Royal Meteorological Society.
OpenSky citable URL: ark:/85065/d7bc403w
Publisher's Version: 10.1002/qj.752
Author(s):
  • Volker Wulfmeyer
  • Andreas Behrendt
  • Christoph Kottmeier
  • Ulrich Corsmeier
  • Christian Barthlott
  • George Craig
  • Martin Hagen
  • Dietrich Althausen
  • Fumiko Aoshima
  • Marco Arpagaus
  • Hans-Stefan Bauer
  • Lindsay Bennett
  • Alan Blyth
  • Christine Brandau
  • Cédric Champollion
  • Susanne Crewell
  • Galina Dick
  • Paolo Di Girolamo
  • Manfred Dorninger
  • Yann Dufournet
  • Rafael Eigenmann
  • Ronny Engelmann
  • Cyrille Flamant
  • Thomas Foken
  • Theresa Gorgas
  • Matthias Grzeschik
  • Jan Handwerker
  • Christian Hauck
  • Hartmut Höller
  • Wolfgang Junkermann
  • Norbert Kalthoff
  • Christoph Kiemle
  • Stefan Klink
  • Marianne König
  • Liane Krauss
  • Charles Long
  • Fabio Madonna
  • Stephen Mobbs
  • Bruno Neininger
  • Sandip Pal
  • Gerhard Peters
  • Grégoire Pigeon
  • Evelyne Richard
  • Mathias Rotach
  • Herman Russchenberg
  • Thomas Schwitalla
  • Victoria Smith
  • Reinhold Steinacker
  • Jörg Trentmann
  • David Turner
  • Joel van Baelen
  • Siegfried Vogt
  • Hans Volkert
  • Tammy Weckwerth - NCAR/UCAR
  • Heini Wernli
  • Andreas Wieser
  • Martin Wirth
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