Lower-tropospheric CO2 from near-infrared ACOS-GOSAT observations

AMS Citation:
Kulawik, S. S., and Coauthors, 2017: Lower-tropospheric CO2 from near-infrared ACOS-GOSAT observations. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 17, 5407-5438, doi:10.5194/acp-17-5407-2017.
Resource Type:article
Title:Lower-tropospheric CO2 from near-infrared ACOS-GOSAT observations
Abstract: We present two new products from near-infrared Greenhouse Gases Observing Satellite (GOSAT) observations: lowermost tropospheric (LMT, from 0 to 2.5 km) and upper tropospheric-stratospheric (U, above 2.5 km) carbon dioxide partial column mixing ratios. We compare these new products to aircraft profiles and remote surface flask measurements and find that the seasonal and year-to-year variations in the new partial column mixing ratios significantly improve upon the Atmospheric CO2 Observations from Space (ACOS) and GOSAT (ACOS-GOSAT) initial guess and/or a priori, with distinct patterns in the LMT and U seasonal cycles that match validation data. For land monthly averages, we find errors of 1.9, 0.7, and 0.8 ppm for retrieved GOSAT LMT, U, and X CO2; for ocean monthly averages, we find errors of 0.7, 0.5, and 0.5 ppm for retrieved GOSAT LMT, U, and X CO2. In the southern hemispheric biomass burning season, the new partial columns show similar patterns to MODIS fire maps and MOPITT multispectral CO for both vertical levels, despite a flat ACOS-GOSAT prior, and a CO-CO2 emission factor comparable to published values. The difference of LMT and U, useful for evaluation of model transport error, has also been validated with a monthly average error of 0.8 (1.4) ppm for ocean (land). LMT is more locally influenced than U, meaning that local fluxes can now be better separated from CO2 transported from far away.
Peer Review:Refereed
Copyright Information:Copyright Author(s) 2017. This work is distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
OpenSky citable URL: ark:/85065/d7sn0bwm
Publisher's Version: 10.5194/acp-17-5407-2017
  • Susan S. Kulawik
  • Chris O'Dell
  • Vivienne H. Payne
  • Le Kuai
  • Helen M. Worden - NCAR/UCAR
  • Sebastien C. Biraud
  • Colm Sweeney
  • Britton Stephens - NCAR/UCAR
  • Laura T. Iraci
  • Emma L. Yates
  • Tomoaki Tanaka
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