Response of the Amazon carbon balance to the 2010 drought derived with CarbonTracker South America

AMS Citation:
Van der Laan-Luijkx, I. T., and Coauthors, 2015: Response of the Amazon carbon balance to the 2010 drought derived with CarbonTracker South America. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 29, 1092-1108, doi:10.1002/2014GB005082.
Date:2015-07-01
Resource Type:article
Title:Response of the Amazon carbon balance to the 2010 drought derived with CarbonTracker South America
Abstract: Two major droughts in the past decade had large impacts on carbon exchange in the Amazon. Recent analysis of vertical profile measurements of atmospheric CO₂ and CO by Gatti et al. (2014) suggests that the 2010 drought turned the normally close-to-neutral annual Amazon carbon balance into a substantial source of nearly 0.5 PgC/yr, revealing a strong drought response. In this study, we revisit this hypothesis and interpret not only the same CO₂/CO vertical profile measurements but also additional constraints on carbon exchange such as satellite observations of CO, burned area, and fire hot spots. The results from our CarbonTracker South America data assimilation system suggest that carbon uptake by vegetation was indeed reduced in 2010 but that the magnitude of the decrease strongly depends on the estimated 2010 and 2011 biomass burning emissions. We have used fire products based on burned area (Global Fire Emissions Database version 4), satellite-observed CO columns (Infrared Atmospheric Sounding Interferometer), fire radiative power (Global Fire Assimilation System version 1), and fire hot spots (Fire Inventory from NCAR version 1), and found an increase in biomass burning emissions in 2010 compared to 2011 of 0.16 to 0.24 PgC/yr. We derived a decrease of biospheric uptake ranging from 0.08 to 0.26 PgC/yr, with the range determined from a set of alternative inversions using different biomass burning estimates. Our numerical analysis of the 2010 Amazon drought results in a total reduction of carbon uptake of 0.24 to 0.50 PgC/yr and turns the balance from carbon sink to source. Our findings support the suggestion that the hydrological cycle will be an important driver of future changes in Amazonian carbon exchange.
Peer Review:Refereed
Copyright Information:Copyright 2015 American Geophysical Union.
OpenSky citable URL: ark:/85065/d7jd4z0b
Publisher's Version: 10.1002/2014GB005082
Author(s):
  • I. van der Laan-Luijkx
  • I. van der Velde
  • M. Krol
  • L. Gatti
  • L. Domingues
  • C. Correia
  • J. Miller
  • M. Gloor
  • T. van Leeuwen
  • J. Kaiser
  • Christine Wiedinmyer - NCAR/UCAR
  • S. Basu
  • C. Clerbaux
  • W. Peters
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