Impact of the January 2012 solar proton event on polar mesospheric clouds

AMS Citation:
Bardeen, C. G., D. R. Marsh, C. H. Jackman, M. E. Hervig, and C. E. Randall, 2016: Impact of the January 2012 solar proton event on polar mesospheric clouds. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 121, 9165-9173, doi:10.1002/2016JD024820.
Date:2016-08-16
Resource Type:article
Title:Impact of the January 2012 solar proton event on polar mesospheric clouds
Abstract: We use data from the Aeronomy of Ice in the Mesosphere mission and simulations using the Whole Atmosphere Community Climate Model to determine the impact of the 23-30 January 2012 solar proton event (SPE) on polar mesospheric clouds (PMCs) and mesospheric water vapor. We see a small heating and loss of ice mass on 26 January that is consistent with prior results but is not statistically significant. We also find a previously unreported but statistically significant similar to 10% increase in ice mass and in water vapor in the sublimation area in the model that occurs in the 7 to 14days following the start of the event. The magnitude of the response to the January 2012 SPE is small compared to other sources of variability like gravity waves and planetary waves; however, sensitivity tests suggest that with larger SPEs this delayed increase in ice mass will increase, while there is little change in the loss of ice mass early in the event. The PMC response to SPEs in models is dependent on the gravity wave parameterization, and temperature anomalies from SPEs may be useful in evaluating and tuning gravity wave parameterizations.
Peer Review:Refereed
Copyright Information:Copyright 2016 American Geophysical Union.
OpenSky citable URL: ark:/85065/d75q4xsx
Publisher's Version: 10.1002/2016JD024820
Author(s):
  • Charles G. Bardeen - NCAR/UCAR
  • Daniel R. Marsh - NCAR/UCAR
  • C. H. Jackman
  • M. E. Hervig
  • C. E. Randall
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