Cloud conditions favoring secondary ice particle production in tropical maritime convection

AMS Citation:
Heymsfield, A. J., and P. Willis, 2014: Cloud conditions favoring secondary ice particle production in tropical maritime convection. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 71, 4500-4526, doi:10.1175/JAS-D-14-0093.1.
Resource Type:article
Title:Cloud conditions favoring secondary ice particle production in tropical maritime convection
Abstract: Progress in understanding the formation of ice in lower-tropospheric clouds is slowed by the difficulties in characterizing the many complex interactions that lead to ice initiation and to the dynamic, non-steady-state nature of the clouds. The present study characterizes the conditions where secondary ice particles, specifically identified as needle or thin columnar types, are observed in tropical maritime convection with modest liquid water contents during the Ice in Clouds Experiment-Tropical (ICE-T), based out of St. Croix, U.S. Virgin Islands, and the NASA African Monsoon Multidisciplinary Analyses (NAMMA) in 2006 sampling from Cape Verde, Africa. The properties of the cloud droplet populations relevant to the secondary ice production process and the ice particle populations are characterized as a function of temperature and vertical velocity. These secondary ice particles are observed primarily in regions of low liquid water content and weak vertical velocities. Two situations are examined in detail. First, ice formation is examined by following the tops of a group of ICE-T chimney clouds as they ascend and cool from a temperature of +7° to −8°C, examining the production of the first ice. Then, using the data from a cloud system sampled during NAMMA, the authors elucidate a process that promotes ice multiplication. The intention is that this study will lead both to a better understanding of how secondary ice production proceeds in natural clouds and to more realistic laboratory studies of the processes involved.
Peer Review:Refereed
Copyright Information:Copyright 2014 American Meteorological Society (AMS). Permission to use figures, tables, and brief excerpts from this work in scientific and educational works is hereby granted provided that the source is acknowledged. Any use of material in this work that is determined to be "fair use" under Section 107 or that satisfies the conditions specified in Section 108 of the U.S. Copyright Law (17 USC, as revised by P.L. 94-553) does not require the Society's permission. Republication, systematic reproduction, posting in electronic form on servers, or other uses of this material, except as exempted by the above statements, requires written permission or license from the AMS. Additional details are provided in the AMS Copyright Policies, available from the AMS at 617-227-2425 or Permission to place a copy of this work on this server has been provided by the AMS. The AMS does not guarantee that the copy provided here is an accurate copy of the published work.
OpenSky citable URL: ark:/85065/d7zp473g
Publisher's Version: 10.1175/JAS-D-14-0093.1
  • Andrew Heymsfield - NCAR/UCAR
  • Paul Willis
  • Random Profile


    Recent & Upcoming Visitors