Particle size distribution properties in mixed-phase monsoon clouds from in situ measurements during CAIPEEX

AMS Citation:
Patade, S., T. V. Prabha, D. Axisa, K. Gayatri, and A. J. Heymsfield, 2015: Particle size distribution properties in mixed-phase monsoon clouds from in situ measurements during CAIPEEX. Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 120, 10418-10440, doi:10.1002/2015JD023375.
Date:2015-10-16
Resource Type:article
Title:Particle size distribution properties in mixed-phase monsoon clouds from in situ measurements during CAIPEEX
Abstract: A comprehensive analysis of particle size distributions measured in situ with airborne instrumentation during the Cloud Aerosol Interaction and Precipitation Enhancement Experiment (CAIPEEX) is presented. In situ airborne observations in the developing stage of continental convective clouds during premonsoon (PRE), transition, and monsoon (MON) period at temperatures from 25 to -22°C are used in the study. The PRE clouds have narrow drop size and particle size distributions compared to monsoon clouds and showed less development of size spectra with decrease in temperature. Overall, the PRE cases had much lower values of particle number concentrations and ice water content compared to MON cases, indicating large differences in the ice initiation and growth processes between these cloud regimes. This study provided compelling evidence that in addition to dynamics, aerosol and moisture are important for modulating ice microphysical processes in PRE and MON clouds through impacts on cloud drop size distribution. Significant differences are observed in the relationship of the slope and intercept parameters of the fitted particle size distributions (PSDs) with temperature in PRE and MON clouds. The intercept values are higher in MON clouds than PRE for exponential distribution which can be attributed to higher cloud particle number concentrations and ice water content in MON clouds. The PRE clouds tend to have larger values of dispersion of gamma size distributions than MON clouds, signifying narrower spectra. The relationships between PSDs parameters are presented and compared with previous observations.
Peer Review:Refereed
Copyright Information:Copyright 2015 American Geophysical Union.
OpenSky citable URL: ark:/85065/d7sn0bfs
Publisher's Version: 10.1002/2015JD023375
Author(s):
  • Sachin Patade
  • T. Prabha
  • Duncan Axisa - NCAR/UCAR
  • K. Gayatri
  • Andrew Heymsfield - NCAR/UCAR
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