Delanoë, J., A. Protat, D. Bouniol, Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 46, 1682-1698, doi:10.1175/JAM2543.1., , and P. Brown, 2007: The characterization of ice cloud properties from Doppler radar measurements.
|Title:||The characterization of ice cloud properties from Doppler radar measurements|
|Abstract:||The paper describes an original method that is complementary to the radar-lidar algorithm method to characterize ice cloud properties. The method makes use of two measurements from a Doppler cloud radar (35 or 95 GHz), namely, the radar reflectivity and the Doppler velocity, to recover the effective radius of crystals, the terminal fall velocity of hydrometeors, the ice water content, and the visible extinction from which the optical depth can be estimated. This radar method relies on the concept of scaling the ice particle size distribution. An error analysis using an extensive in situ airborne microphysical database shows that the expected errors on ice water content and extinction are around 30%-40% and 60%, respectively, including both a calibration error and a bias on the terminal fall velocity of the particles, which all translate into errors in the retrieval of the density-diameter and area-diameter relationships. Comparisons with the radar-lidar method in areas sampled by the two instruments also demonstrate the accuracy of this new method for retrieval of the cloud properties, with a roughly unbiased estimate of all cloud properties with respect to the radar-lidar method. This method is being systematically applied to the cloud radar measurements collected over the three-instrumented sites of the European Cloudnet project to validate the representation of ice clouds in numerical weather prediction models and to build a cloud climatology.|
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|OpenSky citable URL:||ark:/85065/d72b8z8d|