Thermal properties of a solar coronal cavity observed with the X-ray telescope on HINODE

AMS Citation:
Reeves, K. K., S. Gibson, T. A. Kucera, H. S. Hudson, and R. Kano, 2012: Thermal properties of a solar coronal cavity observed with the X-ray telescope on HINODE. The Astrophysical Journal, 746, 10 pp, doi:10.1088/0004-637X/746/2/146.
Date:2012-02-20
Resource Type:article
Title:Thermal properties of a solar coronal cavity observed with the X-ray telescope on HINODE
Abstract: Coronal cavities are voids in coronal emission often observed above high latitude filament channels. Sometimes, these cavities have areas of bright X-ray emission in their centers. In this study, we use data from the X-ray Telescope (XRT) on the Hinode satellite to examine the thermal emission properties of a cavity observed during 2008 July that contains bright X-ray emission in its center. Using ratios of XRT filters, we find evidence for elevated temperatures in the cavity center. The area of elevated temperature evolves from a ring-shaped structure at the beginning of the observation, to an elongated structure two days later, finally appearing as a compact round source four days after the initial observation. We use a morphological model to fit the cavity emission, and find that a uniform structure running through the cavity does not fit the observations well. Instead, the observations are reproduced by modeling several short cylindrical cavity "cores" with different parameters on different days. These changing core parameters may be due to some observed activity heating different parts of the cavity core at different times. We find that core temperatures of 1.75 MK, 1.7 MK, and 2.0 MK (for July 19, July 21, and July 23, respectively) in the model lead to structures that are consistent with the data, and that line-of-sight effects serve to lower the effective temperature derived from the filter ratio.
Subject(s):Sun corona, Sun filaments, Prominences
Peer Review:Refereed
Copyright Information:Copyright 2012 the American Astronomical Society.
OpenSky citable URL: ark:/85065/d7br8svk
Publisher's Version: 10.1088/0004-637X/746/2/146
Author(s):
  • Katharine Reeves
  • Sarah Gibson - NCAR/UCAR
  • Therese Kucera
  • Hugh Hudson
  • Ryouhei Kano
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