The emerging anthropogenic signal in land-atmosphere carbon-cycle coupling

AMS Citation:
Lombardozzi, D., G. B. Bonan, and D. W. Nychka, 2014: The emerging anthropogenic signal in land-atmosphere carbon-cycle coupling. Nature Climate Change, 4, 796-800, doi:10.1038/nclimate2323.
Resource Type:article
Title:The emerging anthropogenic signal in land-atmosphere carbon-cycle coupling
Abstract: Earth system models simulate prominent terrestrial carbon-cycle responses to anthropogenically forced changes in climate and atmospheric composition over the twenty-first century. The rate and magnitude of the forced climate change is routinely evaluated relative to unforced, or natural, variability using a multi-member ensemble of simulations. However, Earth system model carbon-cycle analyses do not account for unforced variability1. To investigate unforced terrestrial carbon-cycle variability, we analyse ensembles from the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project (CMIP5), focusing on the Community Climate System Model (CCSM4). The unforced variability of CCSM4 is comparable to that observed at the Harvard Forest eddy covariance flux tower site. Over the twenty-first century, unforced variability in land–atmosphere CO₂ flux is larger than the forced response at decadal timescales in many areas of the world, precluding detection of the forced carbon-cycle change. Only after several decades does the forced carbon signal consistently emerge in CCSM4 and other models for the business-as-usual radiative forcing scenario (RCP8.5). Grid-cell variability in time of emergence is large, but decreases at regional scales. To attribute changes in the terrestrial carbon cycle to anthropogenic forcings, monitoring networks and model projections must consider the timescale at which the forced biogeochemical response emerges from the natural variability.
Peer Review:Refereed
Copyright Information:Copyright Author(s) 2014.
OpenSky citable URL: ark:/85065/d7hm59ff
Publisher's Version: 10.1038/nclimate2323
  • Danica Lombardozzi - NCAR/UCAR
  • Gordon Bonan - NCAR/UCAR
  • Douglas Nychka - NCAR/UCAR
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