Further results on moist nearly neutral flow over a ridge

AMS Citation:
Miglietta, M. M., and R. Rotunno, 2006: Further results on moist nearly neutral flow over a ridge. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 63, 2881-2897, doi:10.1175/JAS3793.1.
Resource Type:article
Title:Further results on moist nearly neutral flow over a ridge
Abstract: In a recent study, the authors performed numerical simulations of moist nearly neutral flows over a ridge using the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) Model in a regime where the Coriolis force can be neglected and with the simple Kessler (warm rain) microphysical scheme. In the present work, further numerical solutions using more general and realistic experimental conditions are discussed. The upstream-propagating disturbance, which was found in the author’s previous study to desaturate the initially saturated sounding for intermediate mountain heights, is present for all the simulations with taller mountains considered in the present work. The inclusion of the Coriolis force however suppresses the upwind propagation of the dry region and weakens the downstream development of convective cells. The sensitivity to different microphysical schemes has also been investigated. The simple Kessler scheme was compared with a more complete scheme, by Lin et al., which includes ice species. Some differences between the warm-rain-only and ice-microphysics simulations emerge mainly as a consequence of the different distributions of initial cloud water needed to produce a steady-state environmental flow. The effects of the different microphysical schemes on the rainfall rate have also been analyzed, with significant differences between them emerging in the case of narrower mountains. Finally, the sensitivity of the rainfall to the surface temperature has been studied, showing that for higher surface temperatures, the rainfall rate can be smaller although the available water content is larger, as a consequence of the differing microphysical processes activated in the different temperature regimes.
Subject(s):Orographic effects, Cloud microphysics, Flow instability, Rainfall
Peer Review:Refereed
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OpenSky citable URL: ark:/85065/d7gq6z11
Publisher's Version: 10.1175/JAS3793.1
  • M. Miglietta
  • Richard Rotunno - NCAR/UCAR
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