Further results on moist nearly neutral flow over a ridge

AMS Citation:
Miglietta, M. M., and R. Rotunno, 2006: Further results on moist nearly neutral flow over a ridge. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 63, 2881-2897, doi:10.1175/JAS3793.1.
Date:2006-11-01
Resource Type:article
Title:Further results on moist nearly neutral flow over a ridge
Abstract: In a recent study, the authors performed numerical simulations of moist nearly neutral flows over a ridge using the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) Model in a regime where the Coriolis force can be neglected and with the simple Kessler (warm rain) microphysical scheme. In the present work, further numerical solutions using more general and realistic experimental conditions are discussed. The upstream-propagating disturbance, which was found in the author’s previous study to desaturate the initially saturated sounding for intermediate mountain heights, is present for all the simulations with taller mountains considered in the present work. The inclusion of the Coriolis force however suppresses the upwind propagation of the dry region and weakens the downstream development of convective cells. The sensitivity to different microphysical schemes has also been investigated. The simple Kessler scheme was compared with a more complete scheme, by Lin et al., which includes ice species. Some differences between the warm-rain-only and ice-microphysics simulations emerge mainly as a consequence of the different distributions of initial cloud water needed to produce a steady-state environmental flow. The effects of the different microphysical schemes on the rainfall rate have also been analyzed, with significant differences between them emerging in the case of narrower mountains. Finally, the sensitivity of the rainfall to the surface temperature has been studied, showing that for higher surface temperatures, the rainfall rate can be smaller although the available water content is larger, as a consequence of the differing microphysical processes activated in the different temperature regimes.
Subject(s):Orographic effects, Cloud microphysics, Flow instability, Rainfall
Peer Review:Refereed
Copyright Information:Copyright 2006 American Meteorological Society (AMS). Permission to use figures, tables, and brief excerpts from this work in scientific and educational works is hereby granted provided that the source is acknowledged. Any use of material in this work that is determined to be "fair use" under Section 107 or that satisfies the conditions specified in Section 108 of the U.S. Copyright Law (17 USC, as revised by P.L. 94-553) does not require the Society's permission. Republication, systematic reproduction, posting in electronic form on servers, or other uses of this material, except as exempted by the above statements, requires written permission or license from the AMS. Additional details are provided in the AMS Copyright Policies, available from the AMS at 617-227-2425 or amspubs@ametsoc.org. Permission to place a copy of this work on this server has been provided by the AMS. The AMS does not guarantee that the copy provided here is an accurate copy of the published work.
OpenSky citable URL: ark:/85065/d7gq6z11
Publisher's Version: 10.1175/JAS3793.1
Author(s):
  • M. Miglietta
  • Richard Rotunno - NCAR/UCAR
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