Finescale structure of a snowstorm over the northeastern United States: A first look at high-resolution HIAPER cloud radar observations

AMS Citation:
Rauber, R. M., S. M. Ellis, J. Vivekanandan, J. Stith, W. -C. Lee, G. M. McFarquhar, B. F. Jewett, and A. Janiszeski, 2017: Finescale structure of a snowstorm over the northeastern United States: A first look at high-resolution HIAPER cloud radar observations. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 98, 253-269, doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-15-00180.1.
Date:2017-02-01
Resource Type:article
Title:Finescale structure of a snowstorm over the northeastern United States: A first look at high-resolution HIAPER cloud radar observations
Abstract: The newly developed High-Performance Instrumented Airborne Platform for Environmental Research (HIAPER) Cloud Radar (HCR) is an airborne, W-band, dual-polarization, Doppler research radar that fits within an underwing pod on the National Center for Atmospheric Research Gulfstream-V HIAPER aircraft. On 2 February 2015, the HCR was flown on its maiden research voyage over a cyclone along the Northeast coast of the United States. Six straight flight legs were flown over 6 h between the northern tip of Delaware Bay and Bangor, Maine, crossing the rain–snow line, and passing directly over Boston, Massachusetts, which received over 16 in. of snow during the event. The HCR, which recorded reflectivity, radial velocity, spectral width, and linear depolarization ratio with a 0.7° beam, was pointed at nadir from a flight altitude of 12,800 m (42,000 ft). The along-track resolution ranged between 20 and 200 m, depending on range, at aircraft speeds varying between 200 and 275 m s−1. The range resolution was 19.2 m. Remarkably detailed finescale structures were found throughout the storm system, including cloud-top generating cells, upright elevated convection, layers of turbulence, vertical velocity perturbations across the melting level, gravity waves, boundary layer circulations, and other complex features. Vertical velocities in these features ranged from 1 to 5 m s−1, and many features were on scales of 5 km or less. The purpose of this paper is to introduce the HCR and highlight the remarkable finescale structures revealed within this Northeast U.S. cyclone by the HCR.
Peer Review:Refereed
Copyright Information:Copyright 2017 American Meteorological Society (AMS). Permission to use figures, tables, and brief excerpts from this work in scientific and educational works is hereby granted provided that the source is acknowledged. Any use of material in this work that is determined to be "fair use" under Section 107 or that satisfies the conditions specified in Section 108 of the U.S. Copyright Law (17 USC, as revised by P.L. 94-553) does not require the Society's permission. Republication, systematic reproduction, posting in electronic form on servers, or other uses of this material, except as exempted by the above statements, requires written permission or license from the AMS. Additional details are provided in the AMS Copyright Policies, available from the AMS at 617-227-2425 or amspubs@ametsoc.org. Permission to place a copy of this work on this server has been provided by the AMS. The AMS does not guarantee that the copy provided here is an accurate copy of the published work.
OpenSky citable URL: ark:/85065/d7dv1mp8
Publisher's Version: 10.1175/BAMS-D-15-00180.1
Author(s):
  • Robert M. Rauber
  • Scott M. Ellis - NCAR/UCAR
  • J. Vivekanandan - NCAR/UCAR
  • Jeffrey Stith - NCAR/UCAR
  • Wen-Chau Lee - NCAR/UCAR
  • Greg M. McFarquhar
  • Brian F. Jewett
  • Andrew Janiszeski
  • Random Profile

    SOFT ENG/PROG IV

    Recent & Upcoming Visitors