Improving societal outcomes of extreme weather in a changing climate: An integrated perspective

AMS Citation:
Morss, R., O. Wilhelmi, G. A. Meehl, and L. Dilling, 2011: Improving societal outcomes of extreme weather in a changing climate: An integrated perspective. Annual Review of Environment and Resources, 36, 1-25, doi:10.1146/annurev-environ-060809-100145.
Date:2011-11-01
Resource Type:article
Title:Improving societal outcomes of extreme weather in a changing climate: An integrated perspective
Abstract: Despite hazard mitigation efforts and scientific and technological advances, extreme weather events continue to cause substantial losses. The impacts of extreme weather result from complex interactions among physical and human systems across spatial and temporal scales. This article synthesizes current interdisciplinary knowledge about extreme weather, including temperature extremes (heat and cold waves), precipitation extremes (including floods and droughts), and storms and severe weather (including tropical cyclones). We discuss hydrometeorological aspects of extreme weather; projections of changes in extremes with anthropogenic climate change; and how social vulnerability, coping, and adaptation shape the societal impacts of extreme weather. We find four critical gaps where work is needed in order to improve outcomes of extreme weather: 1) reducing vulnerability; 2) enhancing adaptive capacity, including decision flexibility; 3) improving the usability of scientific information in decision making, and 4) understanding and addressing local causes of harm through participatory, community-based work framed within the larger policy context.
Peer Review:Refereed
Copyright Information:Posted with permission from the Annual Review of Fluid Mechanics, Volume 36. Copyright 2011 by Annual Reviews, http://www.annualreviews.org
OpenSky citable URL: ark:/85065/d7377b08
Publisher's Version: 10.1146/annurev-environ-060809-100145
Author(s):
  • Rebecca Morss - NCAR/UCAR
  • Olga Wilhelmi - NCAR/UCAR
  • Gerald Meehl - NCAR/UCAR
  • Lisa Dilling
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