ACOM Seminar: Camille Mouchel-Vallon


TITLE: Secondary organic aerosol formation and composition in the Manaus urban plume: explicit organic chemistry modeling with GECKO-A

PRESENTER: Camille Mouchell-Vallon, NCAR/ACOM

ABSTRACT: The city of Manaus (Brazil, 2.1 million inhabitants) is a point source of anthropogenic pollution isolated from the rest of South American populated areas by over 1000 km of Amazonian tropical rainforest in every direction. It is an ideal location to study the interactions between clean air masses dominated by biogenic emissions with urban plume air masses dominated by anthropogenic compounds and stronger oxidative capacity. The GoAmazon 2014/5 field campaign was designed to characterize these interactions and took place downwind of Manaus in 2014 and 2015. In this work, we focus on understanding the formation of secondary organic aerosol in the Manaus plume sampled during the GoAmazon field campaign. The Generator for Explicit Chemistry and Kinetics of Organics in the Atmosphere (GECKO-A) is a computing tool designed to systematically generate hyper-explicit chemical schemes describing the atmospheric oxidation of hydrocarbons based on fundamental principles and laboratory data. The resulting detailed chemical mechanisms allow us to account for the individual identity of the various organic compounds resulting from biogenic and anthropogenic chemistry in the gas and aerosol phases. In this work we designed a box model to simulate the advection of an air parcel over the rainforest and Manaus. Biogenic emissions from the rainforest and anthropogenic emissions from the city were estimated and the fully explicit oxidation of the resulting 65 primary hydrocarbons was then generated with GECKO-A and integrated in the box model (~14 million reactions involving ~4 million chemical species). We evaluated the ability of the explicit model to reproduce observed SOA measurements and use comparisons with a simpler model to understand the origin of the discrepancies between the detailed model and the measurements.

Monday, January 13, 2019, 3:30 p.m Refreshments 3:15 p.m NCAR Foothills Laboratory FL2-1022, Large Seminar Room Live webcast:


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Announcement Timing: 
Tuesday, January 7, 2020 to Monday, January 13, 2020
Calendar Timing: 
Monday, January 13, 2020 - 3:30pm to 4:30pm

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