Using high-resolution simulations to quantify underestimates of tornado intensity from in situ observations

AMS Citation:
Dahl, N. A., D. S. Nolan, G. H. Bryan, and R. Rotunno, 2017: Using high-resolution simulations to quantify underestimates of tornado intensity from in situ observations. Monthly Weather Review, 145, 1963-1982, doi:10.1175/MWR-D-16-0346.1.
Date:2017-05-01
Resource Type:article
Title:Using high-resolution simulations to quantify underestimates of tornado intensity from in situ observations
Abstract: Large-eddy simulations are used to produce realistic, high-resolution depictions of near-surface winds in translating tornadoes. The translation speed, swirl ratio, and vertical forcing are varied to provide a range of vortex intensities and structural types. Observation experiments are then performed in which the tornadoes are passed over groups of simulated sensors. Some of the experiments use indestructible, error-free anemometers while others limit the range of observable wind speeds to mimic the characteristics of damage indicators specified in the enhanced Fujita (EF) scale. Also, in some of the experiments the sensors are randomly placed while in others they are positioned in regularly spaced columns perpendicular to the vortex tracks to mimic field project deployments.
Peer Review:Refereed
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OpenSky citable URL: ark:/85065/d70v8g7q
Publisher's Version: 10.1175/MWR-D-16-0346.1
Author(s):
  • Nathan A. Dahl
  • David S. Nolan
  • George H. Bryan - NCAR/UCAR
  • Richard Rotunno - NCAR/UCAR
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