Orographic flow response to variations in upstream humidity

AMS Citation:
Reeves, H. D., and R. Rotunno, 2008: Orographic flow response to variations in upstream humidity. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 65, 3557-3570, doi:10.1175/2008JAS2762.1.
Date:2008-11-01
Resource Type:article
Title:Orographic flow response to variations in upstream humidity
Abstract: The effects of upstream relative humidity (RH) on low-level wind and precipitation patterns for low-speed, statically stable flows over a mountain are investigated using idealized two- and three-dimensional numerical-simulation experiments in which RH is increased from 0% to 100%. For RH less than some critical threshold, the flow upstream becomes less decelerated as RH is increased; for RH greater than this threshold, the flow upstream becomes more decelerated as RH is increased. This increasing deceleration with RH is due to locally enhanced static stability resulting from enhanced condensation near the freezing level. Analyses from the simulations indicate that the lifted condensation level and the height of the freezing level are significant control parameters for the upstream-flow deceleration in the steady-state solutions. Dimensional analysis using these control parameters (as well as others) brings forth new nondimensional parameters that are shown to enter into analytic formulas for the orographic upstream-flow deceleration in a moist atmosphere.
Subject(s):Orographic effects, Airflow
Peer Review:Refereed
Copyright Information:Copyright 2008 American Meteorological Society (AMS). Permission to use figures, tables, and brief excerpts from this work in scientific and educational works is hereby granted provided that the source is acknowledged. Any use of material in this work that is determined to be "fair use" under Section 107 or that satisfies the conditions specified in Section 108 of the U.S. Copyright Law (17 USC, as revised by P.L. 94-553) does not require the Society's permission. Republication, systematic reproduction, posting in electronic form on servers, or other uses of this material, except as exempted by the above statements, requires written permission or license from the AMS. Additional details are provided in the AMS Copyright Policies, available from the AMS at 617-227-2425 or amspubs@ametsoc.org. Permission to place a copy of this work on this server has been provided by the AMS. The AMS does not guarantee that the copy provided here is an accurate copy of the published work.
OpenSky citable URL: ark:/85065/d7g73dx3
Publisher's Version: 10.1175/2008JAS2762.1
Author(s):
  • Heather Reeves
  • Richard Rotunno - NCAR/UCAR
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