Evaluating the effects of climate change on summertime ozone using a relative response factor approach for policymakers

AMS Citation:
Avise, J., and Coauthors, 2012: Evaluating the effects of climate change on summertime ozone using a relative response factor approach for policymakers. Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association, 62, 1061-1074, doi:10.1080/10962247.2012.696531.
Date:2012-08-21
Resource Type:article
Title:Evaluating the effects of climate change on summertime ozone using a relative response factor approach for policymakers
Abstract: The impact of climate change on surface-level ozone is examined through a multiscale modeling effort that linked global and regional climate models to drive air quality model simulations. Results are quantified in terms of the relative response factor (RRFE), which estimates the relative change in peak ozone concentration for a given change in pollutant emissions (the subscript E is added to RRF to remind the reader that the RRF is due to emission changes only). A matrix of model simulations was conducted to examine the individual and combined effects of future anthropogenic emissions, biogenic emissions, and climate on the RRFE. For each member in the matrix of simulations the warmest and coolest summers were modeled for the present-day (1995–2004) and future (2045–2054) decades. A climate adjustment factor (CAFC or CAFCB when biogenic emissions are allowed to change with the future climate) was defined as the ratio of the average daily maximum 8-hr ozone simulated under a future climate to that simulated under the present-day climate, and a climate-adjusted RRFEC was calculated (RRFEC = RRFE × CAFC). In general, RRFEC > RRFE, which suggests additional emission controls will be required to achieve the same reduction in ozone that would have been achieved in the absence of climate change. Changes in biogenic emissions generally have a smaller impact on the RRFE than does future climate change itself. The direction of the biogenic effect appears closely linked to organic-nitrate chemistry and whether ozone formation is limited by volatile organic compounds (VOC) or oxides of nitrogen (NOX = NO + NO₂). Regions that are generally NOX limited show a decrease in ozone and RRFEC, while VOC-limited regions show an increase in ozone and RRFEC. Comparing results to a previous study using different climate assumptions and models showed large variability in the CAFCB.
Peer Review:Refereed
Copyright Information:Copyright 2012 Taylor & Francis.
OpenSky citable URL: ark:/85065/d7pg1sdf
Publisher's Version: 10.1080/10962247.2012.696531
Author(s):
  • Jeremy Avise - NCAR/UCAR
  • Rodrigo Gonzalez Abraham
  • Serena Chung
  • Jack Chen
  • Brian Lamb
  • Eric Salathe - NCAR/UCAR
  • Yongxin Zhang - NCAR/UCAR
  • Christopher Nolte
  • Daniel Loughlin
  • Alex Guenther - NCAR/UCAR
  • Christine Wiedinmyer - NCAR/UCAR
  • Tiffany Duhl - NCAR/UCAR
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