Transport of Asian ozone pollution into surface air over the western United States in spring

AMS Citation:
Lin, M., and Coauthors, 2012: Transport of Asian ozone pollution into surface air over the western United States in spring. Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 117, D00V07, doi:10.1029/2011JD016961.
Date:2012-02-17
Resource Type:article
Title:Transport of Asian ozone pollution into surface air over the western United States in spring
Abstract: We use an ensemble of aircraft, satellite, sonde, and surface observations for April-May 2006 (NASA/INTEX-B aircraft campaign) to better understand the mechanisms for transpacific ozone pollution and its implications for North American air quality. The observations are interpreted with a global 3-D chemical transport model (GEOS-Chem). OMI NO₂ satellite observations constrain Asian anthropogenic NOx emissions and indicate a factor of 2 increase from 2000 to 2006 in China. Satellite observations of CO from AIRS and TES indicate two major events of Asian transpacific pollution during INTEX-B. Correlation between TES CO and ozone observations shows evidence for transpacific ozone pollution. The semi-permanent Pacific High and Aleutian Low cause splitting of transpacific pollution plumes over the Northeast Pacific. The northern branch circulates around the Aleutian Low and has little impact on North America. The southern branch circulates around the Pacific High and some of that air impacts western North America. Both aircraft measurements and model results show sustained ozone production driven by peroxyacetylnitrate (PAN) decomposition in the southern branch, roughly doubling the transpacific influence from ozone produced in the Asian boundary layer. Model simulation of ozone observations at Mt. Bachelor Observatory in Oregon (2.7 km altitude) indicates a mean Asian ozone pollution contribution of 9±3 ppbv to the mean observed concentration of 54 ppbv, reflecting mostly an enhancement in background ozone rather than episodic Asian plumes. Asian pollution enhanced surface ozone concentrations by 5 - 7 ppbv over western North America in spring 2006. The 2000 - 2006 rise in Asian anthropogenic emissions increased this influence by 1 - 2 ppbv.
Subject(s):Air quality, Long-range transport, Ozone
Peer Review:Refereed
Copyright Information:Copyright 2012 American Geophysical Union.
OpenSky citable URL: ark:/85065/d7183741
Publisher's Version: 10.1029/2011JD016961
Author(s):
  • Meiyun Lin
  • Arlene Fiore
  • Larry Horowitz
  • Owen Cooper
  • Vaishali Naik
  • John Holloway
  • Bryan Johnson
  • Anne Middlebrook
  • Samuel Oltmans
  • Ilana Pollack
  • Tomas Ryerson
  • Juying Warner
  • Christine Wiedinmyer - NCAR/UCAR
  • John Wilson
  • Bruce Wyman
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